Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose). It occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels, or when the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. This leads to high levels of glucose in the bloodstream, which can cause damage to organs, nerves, and blood vessels over time.

It is a progressive condition that can lead to serious complications such as heart disease, stroke, nerve damage, and kidney disease if left untreated or poorly managed.

What causes Type 2 diabetes?

The causes of Type 2 Diabetes are a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. The exact cause is not fully understood, but several risk factors have been identified:

Being Overweight Or Obese. Excess body fat can cause insulin resistance, making it difficult for the body to use insulin properly to regulate blood sugar levels.

Sedentary Lifestyle. Lack of physical activity can contribute to insulin resistance and increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.

Unhealthy Diet. A diet high in sugar, refined carbohydrates, and saturated and trans fats can contribute to the development of Type 2 diabetes.

Genetics. Having a family history of Type 2 diabetes increases the risk of developing the condition.

Age. The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes increases with age, particularly after age 45.

Race/Ethnicity. Studies have shown that individuals of Malay and Indian ethnicity are more likely to develop Type 2 Diabetes compared to those of Chinese ethnicity. This is believed to be due to a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors.

Gestational Diabetes. Women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.

It’s important to note that not everyone who has these risk factors will develop Type 2 diabetes, and there may be other factors that contribute to the development of the condition.

By making healthy lifestyle choices and getting regular check-ups, it is possible to reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes or to manage the condition effectively if diagnosed.