Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects how your body uses glucose (sugar), the main source of energy for the body. Glucose is a type of sugar that your body uses as a source of energy. After you eat, your body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which enters your bloodstream. Your pancreas then produces insulin, which helps your cells absorb glucose from your bloodstream and use it for energy.

In people with diabetes, however, their bodies either don’t produce enough insulin or are not able to use it properly. This results in high levels of glucose in the blood, which can lead to a variety of health problems if left untreated.

How common is Diabetes in Singapore?

Diabetes is a significant health concern in Singapore, with a high prevalence rate. According to the International Diabetes Federation, Singapore has the second-highest proportion of diabetics among developed nations, with an estimated prevalence of 10.5% of the population. This means that approximately 600,000 people in Singapore are living with diabetes. Additionally, it is estimated that another 400,000 people in Singapore have undiagnosed diabetes.

The prevalence of diabetes in Singapore has been steadily increasing over the past few decades, and it is projected to continue to rise in the future. This is due to several factors, including an aging population, changing dietary habits, and sedentary lifestyles.

There are also significant economic costs associated with diabetes in Singapore. According to a study by the National University of Singapore, the economic burden of diabetes in Singapore was estimated to be around SGD 1.8 billion in 2010, and this is projected to increase to SGD 2.5 billion by 2050. These costs include direct medical costs, such as hospitalization and medication, as well as indirect costs, such as lost productivity and decreased quality of life.

The government of Singapore has recognized the significant impact of diabetes on the population and has implemented several measures to address the issue. This includes promoting healthy eating and physical activity through public campaigns, increasing access to diabetes education and screening, and providing subsidies for diabetes medication and supplies. However, there is still a need for continued efforts to prevent and manage diabetes in Singapore, given the high prevalence and economic burden of the disease.