Types of Diabetes
There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This type of diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence, and those with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy to regulate their blood sugar levels.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. This type of diabetes typically develops in adulthood, and it is often associated with obesity, physical inactivity, and poor diet. Unlike type 1 diabetes, those with type 2 diabetes may not require insulin therapy initially, but may eventually require it if the disease progresses.
Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that is less common in Singapore. This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after delivery. Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications for both the mother and the baby, but it can be managed with a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and sometimes medication.
Other Types of Diabetes
There are several less common types of diabetes, including LADA (latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood), MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young), and secondary diabetes, which occurs as a result of another medical condition or medication.