Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

Types of Diabetes

There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes, also known as insulin-dependent diabetes, is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. This type of diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence, and those with type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy to regulate their blood sugar levels.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes, also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes, is the most common type of diabetes, accounting for approximately 90% of all cases. This type of diabetes typically develops in adulthood, and it is often associated with obesity, physical inactivity, and poor diet. Unlike type 1 diabetes, those with type 2 diabetes may not require insulin therapy initially, but may eventually require it if the disease progresses.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a form of diabetes that is less common in Singapore. This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and usually goes away after delivery. Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications for both the mother and the baby, but it can be managed with a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and sometimes medication.

Other Types of Diabetes

There are several less common types of diabetes, including LADA (latent autoimmune diabetes of adulthood), MODY (maturity-onset diabetes of the young), and secondary diabetes, which occurs as a result of another medical condition or medication.