Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

How to monitor blood sugar levels?

In Singapore, individuals can monitor their blood sugar levels by undergoing medical tests such as the HbA1c test, fasting blood glucose test, and oral glucose tolerance test.

The HbA1c test, also known as the glycated hemoglobin test, measures the average blood sugar level over the past 2-3 months. This test provides an overall picture of a person’s blood sugar control over time and is useful in assessing the effectiveness of diabetes management strategies.

The fasting blood glucose test measures blood sugar levels after fasting for at least 8 hours. This test is commonly used to diagnose diabetes and monitor blood sugar control in people with diabetes.

The oral glucose tolerance test involves drinking a glucose solution and measuring blood sugar levels at different intervals. This test is used to diagnose gestational diabetes in pregnant women and can also be used to diagnose diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance.

In addition to medical tests, individuals can also monitor their blood sugar levels at home using a blood glucose meter. This involves pricking the finger to obtain a small drop of blood, which is then placed on a test strip and inserted into the meter for measurement. It is important to follow proper hygiene practices and adhere to the instructions provided by the meter’s manufacturer for accurate results.

Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels can help individuals with diabetes or those at risk of developing diabetes to make informed decisions about their diet, exercise, and medication. By understanding their blood sugar levels, individuals can also take appropriate actions to prevent complications associated with uncontrolled blood sugar levels.