Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

How to interpret blood sugar readings?

Interpreting blood sugar readings is an important part of managing diabetes. The goal is to keep blood sugar levels within a target range, which is typically set by a healthcare provider based on the individual’s age, overall health, and other factors.

For people with diabetes who use Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG), interpreting blood sugar readings involves checking blood sugar levels at regular intervals, such as before and after meals or at bedtime. The readings can then be used to make adjustments to diet, medication, and physical activity as needed to keep blood sugar levels in the target range.

When interpreting blood sugar readings, it’s important to understand what the numbers mean. Blood sugar levels are typically measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L), depending on the country. In Singapore, blood sugar levels are measured in mmol/L.

For people with diabetes, the target blood sugar range varies depending on the time of day and other factors. Generally, before meals, blood sugar levels should be between 4.4 and 7.0 mmol/L, while 2 hours after meals, blood sugar levels should be less than 10.0 mmol/L. However, these targets may vary based on individual circumstances, so it’s important to work with a healthcare provider to determine the appropriate target range.

Making adjustments to manage blood sugar levels may involve changes in diet, physical activity, medication, or insulin dosages. It’s important to follow the guidance of a healthcare provider when making adjustments and to regularly monitor blood sugar levels to ensure that the changes are effective in keeping blood sugar levels within the target range.

For people who use Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) systems, interpreting blood sugar readings involves analyzing the data provided by the CGM system. CGM systems continuously measure glucose levels throughout the day and night and provide real-time feedback on blood sugar trends and patterns. This can help identify trends that may not be apparent with traditional SMBG and may help with making adjustments to manage blood sugar levels. However, CGM systems require a significant investment and may not be suitable for everyone.