Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

How to have a balanced diet for Diabetes management?

A balanced diet is essential for diabetes management in Singaporeans. The following are some tips for maintaining a balanced diet:

Monitor portion sizes. Even healthy foods can contribute to weight gain if consumed in large amounts. Pay attention to portion sizes and aim for balanced meals that include a mix of carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats.

Limit unhealthy fats. Saturated and trans fats can raise blood cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease, which is a major complication of diabetes. Singaporeans should limit their intake of foods high in saturated and trans fats, such as fried foods, fatty meats, and full-fat dairy products.

Include lean protein. Lean protein sources such as fish, chicken, and tofu can help control blood sugar levels and reduce the risk of heart disease.

Focus on fiber. Fiber can help regulate blood sugar levels and keep you feeling full. Aim for at least 25-30 grams of fiber per day, which can be found in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and legumes.

Avoid sugary drinks and desserts. Sugary drinks and desserts can cause a rapid rise in blood sugar levels, so they should be limited or avoided. Instead, Singaporeans should choose water, unsweetened tea, or low-calorie drinks, and opt for sugar-free desserts.

Drink water. Staying hydrated is important for overall health, and it can also help control blood sugar levels. Aim for at least eight cups of water per day and limit sugary drinks.

Be mindful of sodium intake. Too much sodium can increase blood pressure and put strain on the heart and kidneys. Aim for less than 2,300 milligrams of sodium per day and choose low-sodium options when possible.

Overall, a healthy eating plan for diabetes prevention and control should focus on whole, nutrient-dense foods and limit added sugars, refined carbohydrates, and sodium. It’s important to work with a healthcare provider or a registered dietitian to develop an individualized plan that meets your specific needs and preferences.