Course Content
Introduction to Diabetes
In this lesson, we will introduce diabetes as a chronic condition and its prevalence in Singapore. We will also cover the types of diabetes in Singapore, including Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes.
Understanding Blood Sugar
Learn about the basics of blood sugar, its importance in the body, and how it is regulated. We will also discuss the symptoms and causes of high and low blood sugar levels, as well as the complications that can arise from uncontrolled blood sugar levels.
Type 1 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will explore the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 1 diabetes. We will cover the importance of insulin therapy, blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications in managing this type of diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In this lesson, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, risk factors, prevention, management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes. We will discuss how obesity, family history and lifestyle factors contribute to the development of this type of diabetes. We will also cover the various medications available for managing Type 2 diabetes, as well as the importance of blood sugar monitoring and lifestyle modifications.
Diagnosing and Monitoring Diabetes
This lesson focuses on the diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. This includes the diagnostic criteria for diabetes, common tests used for diagnosing and monitoring diabetes, self-monitoring of blood glucose, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and how to interpret blood sugar readings and make necessary adjustments.
Medications and Insulin Therapy
In this lesson, we will cover the common medications used in diabetes management, including oral antidiabetic drugs and injectable therapies. We will also discuss insulin therapy, including the different types, administration methods, and dosage calculations. Additionally, we will talk about the importance of adhering to medication regimens and potential side effects. We also cover how to adjust medications based on blood sugar levels and lifestyle changes.
Meal Planning and Nutrition
In this lesson, we will explore the importance of a balanced diet for diabetes management and the various strategies for healthy eating. We will delve into carbohydrate counting and glycemic index, as well as special considerations for meal planning such as alcohol consumption and dining out.
Living Well With Diabetes
This lesson highlights key strategies for a fulfilling life with diabetes. It emphasizes emotional well-being, building support networks, practicing self-care, and setting realistic goals. By managing stress, connecting with diabetes communities, prioritizing self-care, and celebrating successes, individuals can achieve balance while effectively managing their condition.
The Ins And Outs of Diabetes: An Overview
About Lesson

How is Type 2 Diabetes treated and managed?

Management and treatment strategies for Type 2 diabetes involve lifestyle modifications, medication, and regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Lifestyle Modifications. One of the most important steps in managing Type 2 diabetes is making lifestyle modifications. These include making dietary changes, increasing physical activity, and maintaining a healthy weight.

A healthy diet should consist of plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. It is important to limit the intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and foods high in saturated and trans fats.

Increasing physical activity can help improve insulin sensitivity and reduce blood sugar levels. It is recommended to engage in at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity per week, spread over at least three days per week.

Maintaining a healthy weight is also crucial in managing Type 2 diabetes. Losing even a small amount of weight can improve blood sugar levels, insulin sensitivity, and blood pressure.

Medication. There are several medications available for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. These include oral medications and injectable medications such as insulin. The type of medication prescribed will depend on the individual’s specific needs, as well as other factors such as age, overall health, and any other health conditions present.

It is important to work closely with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate medication and dosing regimen.

Blood Sugar Monitoring. Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels is a crucial aspect of managing Type 2 diabetes. This can be done using a blood glucose meter, which measures the amount of glucose in the blood.

The frequency of blood sugar monitoring will depend on the individual’s medication regimen, as well as other factors such as physical activity and food intake. In general, it is recommended to check blood sugar levels at least once a day, but in some cases, more frequent monitoring may be necessary.

Complication Management. Type 2 diabetes can lead to a variety of complications, including heart disease, kidney disease, nerve damage, and eye damage. Managing these complications requires ongoing care and monitoring. This may involve regular check-ups with a healthcare provider, as well as regular testing and monitoring for complications such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and kidney function.